ozi

Ụlọ ochie nke China nwere ogologo akụkọ ihe mere eme na omenala mara mma.Edebewo ha na-emebi emebi ruo ọtụtụ narị puku afọ, nke niile metụtara teknụzụ ihe owuwu ha mara mma.N'oge a na-ewu ụlọ ochie, ndị mmadụ ga-agwakọta obere egoihe mgbakwunye.A na-ejikọta ha nke ọma na nkekemịkalụ ụlọnke ụlọ ochie, na site na anụ ahụ na chemical mmeghachi omume, kakwalite ike, mmiri na-eguzogide, mgbochi ịka nká na ihe ndị ọzọ nke ụlọ ochie, nke mere na ihe ndị a omenala nwere ike ịdị ndụ, gbasaa ruo ugbu a.Kedu ihe bụ kpọmkwem ihe ndị aihe mgbakwunye, ka anyị gbalịa ịchọta azịza ya site n'ihe odide ahụ.

Kiwi Glutinous Rice mgbidi obodo nwere ụtọ

A na-eji osikapa glutinous eme ihe na nhazi nri, kamakwa ejiri ya rụọ ọrụ nke ọma na ọrụ owuwu oge ochie nke China.Mgbe ị na-arụ ụlọ dị n'okpuru ala dị ka ebe a na-eli ozu na olulu mmiri, gwakọta lime, ájá na loess na nha 1: 2: 2, wee gwakọta ya na osikapa na-eri nri na ihe ọṅụṅụ kiwi iji mepụta ụlọ siri ike na nke adịghị emebi emebi.Ala, nke a makwaara dị ka Ala Sanhe.Ọkà mmụta nke usoro ọmụmụ Ming bụ Lu Yu's "Obere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Ming Dynasty" na-egosipụta usoro ịgbakwụnye porridge (porridge nke osikapa na-eri nri) na wayo a na-eji wuo mgbidi brik n'oge a na-ewu obodo Nanjing.

N'afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya, mgbe ha nyochachara ma nyochaa ngwa agha ụlọ na ebe atọ nke Cining Garden na obodo a machibidoro iwu, akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Yiqingshu na Changchun Palace, na Ụlọ Nzukọ Yanxi dị na Yangxin Palace, ndị nchọpụta chọpụtara na ụlọ ochie atọ a. ihe niile nwere osikapa na-eri nri, na-egosi na ejiri ihe osikapa Glutinous mee ihe n'iwu obodo a machibidoro iwu.

Mgbochi corrosion, mgbochi seepage 'obere ọkachamara' - tung mmanụ

Mmanụ Tung bụ ụdị gluu protein akwukwo nri, nke a na-enwetakarị site na mkpụrụ osisi tung na-akụ oyi maka afọ 3-4 ma nwee ọdịdị edo edo na-acha aja aja.Akụkụ bụ isi nke mmanụ tung bụ ngwakọta nke triglycerides fatty acid, nke nwere mmeghachi omume siri ike, ihicha ihe na ihe polymerization.Mgbe mmanụ tung na-ekpuchi elu ihe, ọ na-adị mfe ịmịkọrọ oxygen na ikuku iji mepụta ihe nkiri dị n'elu, ka e wee nwee ike ichebe ihe mkpuchi ahụ.

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Enwere ike ịmepụta mmanụ ash site na ịgwakọta mmanụ aṅụ raw tung na mkpụrụ ala ash na camphor dan.Maka ịkwanye ala brik ọla edo na ụlọ ochie nke obodo a machibidoro iwu, enwere usoro nke nwere ike inye egwuregwu zuru oke na njirimara nke mmanụ tung, mmanụ ash na varnish, nke a ma ama "na-eme mmanụ na-egwupụta ash" .Usoro nke "ịme mmanụ na-agbapụta isi awọ" na-egosi na a na-awụsa mmanụ tung ugboro atọ n'elu brik ọla edo ndị e debere.

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'Ọgwụ ike' na ụlọ ochie - Alum

Alum, nke a makwaara dị ka alumen na alum stone, bụ otu n'ime ọgwụ ọdịnala ndị China.Ihe mejupụtara ya bụ potassium aluminum sulfate [KAl(SO) 12HO].A na-ejikwa amamihe gwakọta Alum n'ime ntọala ụlọ ochie nke China, taịlị, na eserese nwere agba.Nnyocha sayensị nke oge a egosila na enwere ike ịmepụta ettringite mgbe a na-agwakọta alum n'ime ala lime, yana mgbasawanye olu ya siri ike nwere ike kwụọ ụgwọ maka ihicha shrinkage nke ngwa ngwa osikapa glutinous, nke bara uru iji melite ike mkpakọ, nguzogide mmiri na mmiri.ifriizi-agbazenke ala lime.

Na Summer Palace, e nwere a ma ama iri na asaa akwa akwa.Ọ bụ àkwà mmiri nkume kachasị ogologo na nke kasị ukwuu na ubi Beijing nwere ọnụ ọgụgụ kasịnụ nke oghere, na ngwa agha e ji mee ihe na-adọba ya na-enwekarị alum.Ngwa ngwa ngwa agwakọta na alum ọ bụghị nanị na-eme ka nkume na isi oyi akwa jikọta nke ọma, ma nwekwara awaterproofmmetụta.

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Na mgbakwunye na mmetụta ịchọ mma ya, eserese agba nwekwara ike ichebe akụkụ osisi site na corrosion kemịkal ma ọ bụ ụmụ ahụhụ na ikuku.N'oge a na-ese ihe osise nke eserese na-acha uhie uhie na nnukwu ụlọ eze nke Ụlọ Nsọ nke Heaven dị na Beijing, a na-etinye akwa akwa nke gluu n'elu, nke nwere ike ime ka agba agba na agba agba nke ala ala agaghị agwakọta ma banye nke ọ bụla. ndị ọzọ, nke na-eme ka ịrapagidesi ike na-ebipụta ihe osise na-acha odo odo n'elu ihe osise.

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Dị iche icheihe mgbakwunyedị ka osikapa na-eri nri, mmanụ tung, na alum ka a na-eji arụ ụlọ ochie ndị China.Ha na-enwe mmeghachi omume anụ ahụ na nke kemịkal na ala lime, ngwa agha na ihe ndị ọzọ, wee ghọọ ihe nchebe n'elu osisi, masonry na ihe ndị ọzọ, na-eme ka ụlọ ochie ahụ dịkwuo ogologo.A na-emeziwanye ike na ịdịte aka.Nke a abụghị naanị na-akwado nkwụsi ike na ịdị ogologo ndụ nke ụlọ oge ochie n'onwe ya, ma na-egosipụtakwa amamihe ụkpụrụ ụlọ pụtara ìhè nke ndị omenkà oge ochie.

Na-esepụta ihe dị mkpa sitere na ụlọ ochie,Longou Internationalna-etolite ma na-emepụta oge akemịkalụ ụlọ, dị ka cellulose ether,polymer ntụ ntụ redispersible, superplasticizer, iji mee ka ụlọ dị mma, na-arụ ọrụ ike ma mara mma.


Oge nzipu: Mee-27-2022